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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容
     Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes(运动员). Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological, and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.
  The early years of development are critical years for learning about oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place, young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents’ and coaches’ criticisms to heart and find a flaw(缺陷)in themselves.
  Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In today’s youth sport setting, young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game, many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters’ performances. Positive reinforcement should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, which can lead to burnout.
1.[单选题]An effective way to prevent the burnout of young athletes is_____.
  • A.to make sports less competitive
  • B.to make sports more challenging
  • C.to reduce their mental stress
  • D.to increase their sense of success
  • 解题思路:推论题。第一段从第二句到段末,批评使运动员产生忧虑和压力,会导致运动员丧失斗志(熄火)。如果反过来,减少这种压力,便能阻止熄火,因此C项是对文中叙述的反推理。
2.[单选题]According to the passage sport is positive for young people in that_____.
  • A.it can help them learn more about society
  • B.it teaches them how to set realistic goals for themselves
  • C.it enables them to find flaws in themselves
  • D.it can provide them with valuable experiences
  • 解题思路:细节题。根据第二段第二句,The sport setting is one where valuable experience can take place与D项的体育运动给人提供有价值的经验属同义重述,故D为答案。
3.[单选题]According to the passage parents and coaches should_____.
  • A.help children to win every game
  • B.pay more attention to letting children enjoy sport
  • C.enable children to understand the positive aspect of sports
  • D.train children to cope with stress
  • 解题思路:推论题。第三段第三句,今天的年轻人参加比赛的过程中,他们更多关注的是谁是取胜者,而不是比赛中的乐趣,因此可推断出,父母和教练应注意让孩子们在运动中获取乐趣,故选B。
4.[单选题]The author’s purpose in writing the passage is_____.
  • A.to persuade young children not to worry about criticism
  • B.to stress the importance of positive reinforcement to children
  • C.to discuss the skill of combining criticism with encouragement
  • D.to teach young athletes how to avoid burnout
  • 解题思路:主旨题。文章结尾说,父母和家长应提供正面的强化(即正面教育)而不要看重结果。研究表明,正面强化比负面的批评对学习的影响更大一些。故选B。
5.[单选题]Many coaches and parents are in the habit of criticizing young athletes_____.
  • A.without realizing criticism may destroy their self-confidence
  • B.in order to make them remember life’s lessons
  • C.believing that criticism is beneficial for their early development
  • D.so as to put more pressure on them
  • 解题思路:推论题。本文末句说父母和教练的批评,可导致运动员极大的忧虑,甚至会使他们丧失斗志,这与A项的“摧毁他们的自信”意思相同,故选A。
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  • 参考答案:C,D,B,B,A
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