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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
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When Carios Westez died at the age of 76, a language died, too. Westez, more commonly known as Red Thunder Cloud, was the last speaker of the Native American language Catawba. Anyone who wants to hear the songs of the Catawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C., where, back in the 1940s, Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for future generations.(1)They are all that is left of the Catawba language. The language that people used to speak is gone forever. 
We are all aware of the danger that modem industry can do to the world' s ecology(生态). 
However, few people are aware of the impact widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways. of life. English has spread all over the world. Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Hindi have become powerful languages as well. (2)When this happens, hundreds of languages that are spoken by only a few die out. 
Scholars believe there are around 6,000 languages around the world, but more than half of them could die out within the next 100 years. There are many examples. Araki is the language of the island of Vanuatu, located in the Pacific Ocean. It is spoken by only a few older adults, so like Catawba, Araki will soon disappear. Many languages of Ethiopia will have the same fate because each one has only a few speakers.(3)In the Americas, 100 languages, each of which has fewer than 300 speakers, are dying out. 
Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the danger of language death and to try to do something about it. He was not actually bomb into the Catawba tribe, and the language was not his mother tongue.(4)The songs he sang for the Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular. Now he is gone, and the language is dead. 
What does it mean for the rest of us when a language disappears? When a plant, insect, or animal species dies, it is easy to understand what has been lost and to appreciate what it means for the balance of the natural world. However, language is only a product of the mind. To be the last remaining speaker of a language, like Red Thunder, must be a peculiarly lonely destiny, almost as strange and terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species.(5) 

A. Some people might want to learn some of these songs by hearts. 
B. Most languages have become less and less speakers. 
C. However, he was a frequent visitor to the Catawba reservation in South Carcinoma where he learned the language. 
D. These languages don't have many native speakers. 
E. For the rest of us, when a language dies, we lose the possibility of a unique way of seeing and describing the world. 
F. As these language become more powerful, their use as tools of business and culture increase, as well. 
G. Papus New Guines is an extremely rich source of different language, but more than 100 of them are in danger of extinction(灭绝). 
1.[选词填空]________
    • 解题思路:空格前面提到他为后代录下了一系列的歌曲,接下来可以预期这样做的目的,即也许有人想要记住这些歌曲中的几首,前后内容连贯,故选A。
    2.[选词填空]________
      • 解题思路:尽管他不是出生在卡托巴族部落,卡托巴语也不是他的母语,他却掌握了这门语言,原因在于他是Catawba reservation(卡托巴居留地)的常客,他在那里学会了这门语言,因此选C。
      3.[选词填空]________
        • 解题思路:前面提到这些语言变得日益强势,既然语言是工具,可以断定他们在商业和文化中的工具性也会随之增强,所以选F。
        4.[选词填空]

        _________

          • 解题思路:作为一门语言的最后一个掌握者的确奇怪,令人感到可怕,选项E是对文章内容的最后总结,即当一门语言消亡后,我们也失去了观察和描述世界的一种方式,所以E最合适。
          5.[选词填空]________
            • 解题思路:埃塞俄比亚的许多语言也将濒临灭绝,因为讲该语言的人非常少,而且没有人把它们当作母语来讲,此处的these languages指那些将要消失的语言,所以D正确。
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            • 参考答案:A,C,F,E,D
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