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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
试题内容

    Cubes aren't usually the go-to shape when creating an object that's meant to move around, but___1__in Switzerland have created one that can do just that—along with a__2__of other surprising talents. Called the Cubli, it measures nearly 6 inches oneach side and can walk around by__3__flipping itself over. Perhaps more impressively, itcan also balance on any of its sides or even just a single corner. As the research team fromETH Zurich's Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control__4__in a video, the cube caneven remain balanced while a surface is raised up at an angle beneath it.
    Though it's a moving cube, the Cubli still__5__on a series of spinning wheels to getgoing. Three internal wheels angled along a different axis each will spin faster or slower inorder to maintain enough momentum to keep the cube balanced. By quickly__6__a spinningwheel, the cube can also be caused to flip over,__7__allowing it to move around. Theresearchers say that Cubli's system of spinning wheels is similar to what__8__ satellitesout in space, and that other research groups have considered using this technology to buildrobots that could be used to explore other planets.
    A group of researchers at MIT later demonstrated another use for__9__like this:allowing a robot to reassemble itself. MIT's cubes had magnets embedded across theirsides and edges, which let them grip each other and form different shapes. Though theyweren't able to balance like the Cubli can, MIT's "M-blocks" could move much__10__actually hopping offthe ground when getting around. 
A.blocks 
B.continually 
C.delightful 
D.demonstrates 
E.effectively 
F.further 
G.halting 
H.handful 
I.hardly 
J.preceding 
K.relies 
L.researchers 
M.spheres 
N.stabilizes 
O.stronger 

1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:名词辨义题。此处空格所在的句子缺乏主语,而谓语是have created,由此可以判断,此处需要填入一个复数名词。备选词汇中只有researchers“研究人员”符合此处语境,故选L。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:动词辨义题。空格所在的分句缺少谓语动词,依据该分句的主语theCubli可以判断此处应该填入一个动词的第三人称单数形式,且须能与介词0n搭配使用。备选词汇中只有relies“依靠”符合此处语境.故选K。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:动词辨义题。根据空格前的By quickly和空格后的a spinning wheel可以判断,此处需要填入一个动词的现在分词形式,且意义上要能与awheel构成关联。备选词汇中只有halting“停止”符合此处语境,故选G。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:副词辨义题。空格所在的分句作整个句子的状语,而此处空格后紧接的就是现在分词allowing,由此可以判断此处要填入一个表示积极意义的副词修饰allowing。备选词汇中只有effectively“有效地”符合此处语境,故选E。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:名词辨义题。根据空格前的another use for和空格后的like this可以判断,此处需要填入一个名词。空格后的this指代的是前文中提到的小方块,故而可以判断空格处填入的名词需要与“小方块”类似。备选词汇中只有blocks符合此处语境,故选A。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:根据空格前的could move much可以判断,此处需要填入一个副词修饰move。备选词汇中只有further“更远地”符合此处语境,故选F。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:副词辨义题。从空格所在句的结构来看,此句并不缺乏任何句子成分,再由空格后的flipping itself over可以判断,此处只能填入副词修饰flipping。flip over为固定搭配,意为“(使)突然翻转”。备选词汇中,continually“不断地”最符合此处语境,故选B。continually flipping itself over意为“不断地自我翻转”。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:动词辨义题。根据空格前的is similar to what和空格后的satellites outin space可以判断,此处需要填入一个动词的第三人称单数形式,且意义上须能与satellites构成关联。备选词汇中只有stabilizes“使稳固”符合此处语境,故选N。
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:动词辨义题。空格所在的分句缺少谓语动词,该分句的主语为theresearch team,而上下文采用的时态都为一般现在时,由此可以判断此处需要填入一个动词的第三人称单数形式,且意义要能与a video构成关联。备选词汇中只有demonstrates“演示”符合此处语境,故选D。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:名词辨义题。根据空格前的不定冠词a和空格后的介词of可以判断,此处需要填入一个单数名词。备选词汇中只有handful“少数,少量”符合此处语境,故选H。ahandful of为习惯用法,意为“少数的,少量的”。
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                      • 参考答案:L,K,G,E,A,F,B,N,D,H